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Child Violence, What Impact?

Child Violence, What Impact?





Violence against children according to WHO, includes all forms of physical and / or emotional abuse, sexuality, neglect, and exploitation that have an impact or have the potential to endanger children's health, child development, or children's dignity in the context of a responsible relationship.

Violence against children according to Article 13 of the Child Protection Law is treatment: discrimination; exploitation, both economic and sexual; neglect; cruelty, violence and persecution; injustice; and other mistreatment.

In the explanation of Article 13, it is explained that discrimination treatment, for example, discriminates against ethnicity, religion, race, class, gender, ethnicity, culture and language, the legal status of the child, the order of birth of the child, and the physical and / or mental condition.

The WHO definition of violence against children includes all forms of physical and / or emotional abuse, sexuality, neglect, and exploitation that have an impact or have the potential to endanger children's health, child development, or children's dignity in the context of a responsible relationship.

According to the document Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), violence against children includes all forms of physical or mental violence, injury and abuse, neglect or neglect, abuse or exploitation, including sexual harassment. Violence against children includes not only physical and sexual violence, but also emotional abuse, neglect and exploitation.

Quoted from the Healthline page, there are many reasons for parents to abuse their own children. The reasons vary, ranging from having experiences as victims of violence or neglect during childhood. The bad relationship factor between parents and children owned by parents also causes the father or mother to become perpetrators of violence. Other factors, the existence of stress in or domestic violence, a bad relationship with a partner, separation, and divorce also trigger parents to commit violence.

Then another cause is the existence of mental health problems such as low self-esteem and feelings of inadequacy or shame can also trigger parents to become perpetrators of violence. Based on the report "Global Report 2017: Ending Violence in Childhood" as many as 73.7 percent of Indonesian children aged 1 -14 years experienced violent discipline or psychological aggression and physical punishment at home.

This is reinforced by data from the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI), which recorded as many as 4,294 cases of violence against children committed by families and carers (2011-2016).

The impact of violence against children can increase the risk of ill health. The impact of violence against children can be in the form of behavior, mental health and physical health.
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