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The Role of Social Workers in Child Assistance

The Role of Social Workers in Child Assistance




A profession that provides social service assistance to individuals, groups and communities in an effort to improve social functioning and help solve social problems, it can be called social work, or social work is someone who has a profession to help people solve problems and optimize function. social individuals, groups and communities and bring them closer to the source system.

Social work is a field of expertise that has the authority to carry out various efforts to improve people's ability to carry out their social functions through interaction so that people can satisfactorily adjust to their life situations. Social workers are seen as a field of expertise (profession), which means having a scientific and artistic foundation in practice.

Social workers carry out their role to help themselves and others, to help the people and to help themselves or to carry out intervention for clients must have competency standards including first knowledge, second skills and third values ​​or principles.

One of the roles that social workers can play is to provide assistance and advocacy for children facing the law (abh).

The Indonesian Criminal Law System has entered a new chapter in its development. One form of reform that exists in Indonesian Criminal Law is the regulation of criminal law in the perspective of achieving justice for the improvement and restoration of conditions after criminal justice events and processes known as restorative justice which is different from retributive justice (emphasizing justice in retaliation). ) and restitutive justice (emphasizing justice in compensation).

In fact, diversion can also be described as a system in which the facilitator regulates the process of resolving conflicting parties to achieve a satisfactory settlement as restorative justice. Traditions and mechanisms of deliberation and consensus are concrete manifestations of strengthening laws that have lived in society since long ago.                 Thus, the essence of restorative justice is healing, moral learning, community participation and attention, dialogue, forgiveness, responsibility and making changes, all of which are guidelines for the restoration process from a restorative justice perspective.

Children are part of citizens who must be protected because they are the generation of the nation who in the future will continue the leadership of the Indonesian nation. Every child, apart from being obliged to receive formal education such as school, is also obliged to receive moral education so that they can grow to be useful figures for the nation and state.

In accordance with the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child which was ratified by the Indonesian government through Presidential Decree Number 36 of 1990, which was also stated in Law Number 4 of 1979 concerning Child Welfare and Law Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection and Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Criminal Justice System for Children, all of which present general principles of child protection, namely non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, survival and development and respect for children's participation.

Legal protection for children can be done as an effort to protect the law on various freedoms and children's rights. Protection of children also includes interests related to the welfare of children. Protection of children in conflict with the law (ABH) is a joint responsibility of law enforcement officials. Not only children as perpetrators, but also children who are victims and witnesses.

Law enforcement officials involved in handling ABH should not only refer to Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System or other laws and regulations relating to the handling of ABH, but prioritize peace rather than the formal legal process that has been put into effect 2 the year after the SPPA Law was enacted or 1 August 2014 (Article 108 of Law No.11 of 2012).

Law No. 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System (UU SPPA) has been enacted, after being promulgated six years ago. This law is based on the concept of restorative justice. Restorative justice is the settlement of criminal cases together with related parties to seek a fair settlement by emphasizing restoration to its original state.

The verdict is an example of a decision oriented to the conditions and needs of a child. It is implied that a case, however tough, can be resolved properly without having to put a child in prison.

However, what will be discussed in this paper is that diversion efforts have an impact on social work. If previously they had a small role for children in conflict with the law (ABH), now their role is bigger.

The implication, first, is that social workers are required to advocate for children facing the law (ABH) so that their rights can be fulfilled in accordance with the Law on the Criminal Justice System for Children.

Second, the greater role of social workers must be followed by improvements in quality and quality. In terms of quality, social workers are required to have knowledge and skills related to the issue of children dealing with the law (ABH). Third, it is necessary to strengthen social service institutions.

Child social workers facing the law can maximize their role in mentoring, advocacy in intervening child clients facing the law, both at the Police, Attorney General's Office, and even the court to network with rehabilitation resource systems such as the Special Child Development Institution (LPKA), Temporary Child Placement Institution (LPAS). ) and Social Welfare Organizing Institutions (LPKS) as institutions or institutions that treat children against the law (ABH).

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