Various forms of social inequality that need to be studied in order to know the explanation 

Various forms of social inequality that need to be studied in order to know the explanation

Social inequality is a condition in which there is an imbalance between one society and another, who have the same status. It is undeniable that social inequality is still a problem in many countries, including Indonesia.

According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), inequality is defined as an imbalance, difference, gap that occurs in social life.

Social inequality is also defined as a form of injustice, both status and position in society.

So. it can be concluded, social inequality is a condition of an imbalance that occurs in the midst of society due to differences in social, economic and cultural status.

Although humans are often thought of as social creatures, there is a tendency to overpower each other. This causes social inequality in the community.

The uneven level of social welfare is also one of the factors causing social inequality. So what are the forms of social inequality?

Forms of social inequality are usually influenced by social conflicts that originate from various social diseases.

The following is a summary of the forms of social inequality and their impacts, as reported by the Materiips page, Friday (16/4/2021).

Forms of Social Inequality

This gap occurs due to differences in education and individual mindsets. In internal factors, inequality in human self-development is the basis of the low value of one's welfare.

Inequality Between Village and City

This gap occurs due to differences in infrastructure development to lifestyles and mindsets where cities are faster than villages. Development in the village that is running is not as fast as development in the city.

This condition is one of the factors that form the basis of the inequality that occurs between the two. It is undeniable that it is through this development that all aspects of supporting welfare are judged to have originated.

Inequality between Regions And Subregions

Other forms of social inequality can be seen from the gaps that occur between regions and subregions. This is because the regional coverage is larger than the subregions.

This large area coverage makes the region richer than the sub-regions that are part of it.

Forms of Social Inequality

Intergroup Inequality

Groups in society are one form of social structure.

Just like regions and subregions, sometimes even though they are both groups, the size of the group greatly determines the inequality that occurs to other, smaller groups.

Asset Inequality

Assets are important because assets are a means owned by the government to serve the community. Assets that are not distributed evenly will automatically describe community services that will not be evenly distributed as well.

This unequal service can then become social inequality between one community and another.

In fact, sometimes, from this unequal distribution of assets, various social diseases emerge that can damage existing social integration.

Intersectoral Inequality

This inequality can be seen from income, employment, tourism, and culture, this forms social strata based on social status.

The sectors of community development turned out to have a fairly large share in terms of social inequality. For example, the cultural and tourism sectors do not get preferential treatment as the property sector does.

Impacts and Consequences of Social Inequality

The following are some of the effects of social inequality:


Poverty occurs due to inequality in the standard of living of the people in which they are unable to utilize their energy, either mentally or physically, for the economic development of their area.


As a result of being in a circle of poverty, crime is likely to increase. In addition, the cause of crime is social conditions and social processes that will later lead to other behaviors, such as cultural conflicts, competition, imitation processes, and others.

Moral Decline

As a result of social inequality, there will be a moral decline in society, such as individualism and materialistic attitudes that begin to grow and develop.

Source: Materiips

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