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Authoritative Parenting is a Parenting Style Characterized by High Responsiveness and High Demands

Authoritative Parenting is a Parenting Style Characterized by High Responsiveness and High Demands


Authoritative parenting is a parenting style characterized by high responsiveness and high demands. Authoritative parents are responsive to the child's emotional needs while having high standards. They set limits and are very consistent in enforcing boundaries.


Authoritative Parenting is a Parenting Style Characterized by High Responsiveness and
High Demands


Authoritative parenting is a parenting style characterized by high responsiveness and high demands. Authoritative parents are responsive to the child’s emotional needs while having high standards. They set limits and are very consistent in enforcing boundaries.

After decades of research, child development experts recognize that authoritative parenting is the best parenting style among the four Baumrind parenting styles​1​.

This parenting style generally produces the best outcomes in children.

Studies have found that preschoolers raised by authoritative parents​2​:

  1. Tend to be happy and content.
  2. Are independent and self-reliant.
  3. Develop good social skills.
  4. Have good emotional regulation and self-control​3​.
  5. Express warmth and cooperate with peers​4​.
  6. Explore a new environment without fear.
  7. Are competent and assertive.

Authoritative parents are likely to have children who:

§  Achieve higher academic success​5​.

§  Engage more in school activities.

§  Develop good self-esteem​6​.

§  Have better mental health — less depression, anxiety, suicide attempts, delinquency, alcohol, and drug use.

§  Interact with peers using competent social skills​7​.

§  Exhibit less violent tendencies.

§  Are well-adjusted.

Authoritative Parenting Examples

Authoritative parents:

§  Are warm, attuned, and nurturing.

§  Listen to the children.

§  Allow autonomy and encourage independence.

§  Reason with children instead of demanding blind obedience.

§  Set clear limits on behavior.

§  Consistently enforce boundaries.

§  Use positive discipline instead of punitive, forceful measures.

§  Earn, not demand, children’s respect.

 

Authoritative parents have rules, and they use consequences, but they also take their children’s opinions into account. They validate their children’s feelings while also making it clear that the adults are ultimately in charge. Authoritative parents invest time and energy into preventing behavior problems before they start. They also use positive discipline strategies to reinforce good behavior, like praise and reward systems. Children with parents who demonstrate this style tend to be self-disciplined and think for themselves. This style is believed to be most beneficial to children.

 

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