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Herbal Medicine-Standard or Pharmacy, Know Together

Herbal Medicine-Standard or Pharmacy, Know Together

Food and Drug Supervisory agency (BPOM) convey there is still a lot of potential that can be found from the utilization of genetic resources in Indonesia to be better standardized herbal medicines (OHT) or phyto-pharmacy. Refer to the data BPOM the time it has been registered 98 products OHT and 36 pharmacy or natural medicines that have been proven security and scientifically. In addition, an increase in demand will cure natural ingredients along with the increasing trends of sustainable living.


The drug-a drug made from nature it can provide a solution to the double burden in the construction of health due to the onset of the disease better contagious also not contagious because it has curative properties rehabilitative, promotive and preventive.


The other side, still found plants or natural materials empirically that are not well documented, the literature evidence about the natural remedies of ancient documents that have not yet translated as well as the necessity of proving the empirical or research more related to the natural materials a new known by the public before.


Herbal


Herbal and Medicinal Fish

One of the natural ingredients that are quite promising as controlling disease fish is a natural material derived from medicinal plants (herbal ingredients).


This material has a content of active substance that is able to serve the equivalent of antibiotic substances that currently its use is very limited.


By utilizing the content of natural active substances (natural antibiotic) on the herbal ingredients are expected to be able to replace the function of antibiotics, synthetic, but does not leave residues which have implications on the decline in the sustainability of fish farming activities in general.


Meanwhile, the temperature of the earth heats up due to global warming directly affecting the oceans as one of the providers of food in the form of protein from the fish.


These conditions significantly decrease the catch of the world in the last decade. On the other hand, an increasing number of the population in all countries is also influential on the rise in food demand.


The two contradictory things that trigger a rise in fish farming activities to meet the needs of the food.


So, it is necessary to maintain the sustainability of aquaculture activities and ensure that they are able to walk in balance with the natural conditions.


There are several alternative techniques for fish health management in favor of the cultivation of fish.


Prevention or immunoprophylaxis with immune-boosting through vaccines and immunostimulants, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.


In addition, prevention through probiotics, which are live bacteria that are beneficial applied to the cultivation medium or mixed feed.


As for if the fish is sick then it can be treated with chemical drugs and herbal remedies.


In addition, prevention through probiotics, which are live bacteria that are beneficial applied to the cultivation medium or mixed feed.


As for if the fish is sick then it can be treated with chemical drugs and herbal remedies.


Nunak explains, herbal medicine has the advantages of being safe to use because it does not cause residue and bacteria resistance.


For the preparation of medicinal herbs, the plant can be taken to be used, then dried and ground up into powder.


The extraction of active ingredients of herbal starts from 10 grams (g) of herbal ingredients in 100 milliliters (ml) of the solvent, and then does the incubation period of 48 h in constant agitation, then filtered, and dried at room temperature/rotavap.


One of the products the results of the research that has been done BRPBATPP is a Medical Herb MH-1 Drug Fish. Its composition consists of kipait, betel leaves, papaya, turmeric, noni, and guava.


Rules of use 2-3 days once by soaking the packaging in 300 liters of water to seed and in 200 liters of water for enlargement.


Some plants that can be used as herbal medicine for fish, among others turmeric (C. domestica), ketapang (T. catappa), kipahit (T. diversifolia), babadotan (A. conyzoides), kirinyuh (E. inulifolium), and meniran (P. niruni).


Then curcuma (C. xanthorrhiza), taro (C. esculenta), betel (P. betle), white turmeric (C. zedoaria), kimanila (C. alata), jawer kotok (P. scutellarioides), kecombrang (E. elatior), cashew (A. occidentale), cebreng (G. sepium), petai (P. speciose), garlic (A. sativum), and petai china (L. leucocephala).

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